Unraveling the Mystery: Jabez's Mother in the Bible

When we read the genealogy of the tribe of Judah in 1 Chronicles 4, we come across a verse that has puzzled Bible scholars for centuries. 1 Chronicles 4:9-10 says:

"Jabez was more honorable than his brothers. His mother had named him Jabez, saying, 'I gave birth to him in pain.' Jabez cried out to the God of Israel, 'Oh, that you would bless me and enlarge my territory! Let your hand be with me, and keep me from harm so that I will be free from pain.' And God granted his request."

  1. Who Was Jabez's Mother?
  2. A Look at Jabez's Name
  3. Possible Candidates for Jabez's Mother
    1. Hazelelponi
    2. Rahab
    3. Zipporah
  4. Conclusion

Who Was Jabez's Mother?

The Bible does not mention the name of Jabez's mother, which has led to a lot of speculation and debate among scholars. Some have suggested that Jabez's mother was an unknown woman who had a difficult childbirth, while others have proposed various names, including Hazelelponi, Rahab, and Zipporah.

A Look at Jabez's Name

Before we delve further into the mystery of Jabez's mother, it's important to understand the significance of Jabez's name. In Hebrew, the name Jabez means "he causes pain" or "he brings sorrow." It's clear from the verse in 1 Chronicles 4 that Jabez's mother named him this because of the pain she experienced during his birth. However, Jabez did not let his name define him. He was described as more honorable than his brothers, and he cried out to God for blessings and protection.

Possible Candidates for Jabez's Mother

While the Bible does not give us a definitive answer about Jabez's mother, there are several women in the Bible who have been suggested as possible candidates.


Hazelelponi was the mother of Samson, who is famous for his strength and his battles against the Philistines. While there is no direct evidence in the Bible that Hazelelponi was Jabez's mother, some scholars have proposed that she may have been. There are a few similarities between Jabez and Samson - both were born under difficult circumstances and both cried out to God for help. Additionally, the fact that Hazelelponi is not mentioned by name in the Bible could be seen as evidence that she was not a major figure, which would make it more likely that she could have been Jabez's mother.


Rahab is another woman who has been suggested as Jabez's mother. Rahab was a prostitute who lived in Jericho and helped the Israelites when they were conquering the city. She is mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus in Matthew 1, which gives her some significance in the Bible. Some scholars have pointed out that Rahab's name means "broad" or "spacious," which could be seen as a contrast to Jabez's name, which means "he causes pain." However, there is no direct evidence in the Bible that Rahab was Jabez's mother.


Zipporah was the wife of Moses and the mother of his two sons, Gershom and Eliezer. Some scholars have suggested that Zipporah may have been Jabez's mother, based on the fact that she is described in Exodus 2:21 as a "Midianite woman." The Midianites were descendants of Abraham and Keturah, who was one of Abraham's wives after Sarah died. This would make Zipporah a distant relative of the Israelites, which could explain why Jabez is mentioned in the genealogy of the tribe of Judah.


While we may never know for sure who Jabez's mother was, the fact that he is mentioned in the genealogy of the tribe of Judah shows that he was an important figure in the lineage of Jesus. Jabez's story is a reminder that we do not have to be defined by our past or our circumstances. Like Jabez, we can cry out to God for blessings and protection, and trust that he will grant our requests.

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